Giáo dục

Trọn bộ 100 bài tập câu bị động (Passive voice) có đáp án chi tiết

câu bị động (passive voice) là điểm ngữ pháp quen thuộc trong các kỳ thi tiếng anh. Để nắm chắc cấu trúc này, hãy cùng elsa speak ôn luyện qua 100 bài tập câu bị động dưới đây nhé.

lý thuyết câu bị động trong tiếng anh

câu bị động thường dùng để nhấn mạnh chủ thể – người hoặc vật đang chịu tác động từ 1 hành động.

Xem thêm: Bài tập về câu bị đông có đáp án

cấu trúc:

video:

  • câu chủ động: Yesterday he bought a new car. (anh ấy đã mua một chiếc xe mới hôm qua.)
    • câu bị động: Yesterday he bought a new car. (một chiếc xe mới đã được anh ấy mua vào hôm qua.)
    • cấu trúc câu bị động của 12 thì trong tiếng anh:

      cách chuyển đổi câu chủ động sang câu bị động

      bước 1: xác định các thành phần: s, v, o và thì của động từ trong câu

      bước 2: chuyển or (câu chủ động) → s (câu bị động)

      bước 3: chuyển s (câu chủ động) → by o (câu bị động).

      bước 4: v chính (câu chủ động) → be + v3 (câu bị động).

      >>có thể bạn quan tâm: câu bị động thì hiện tại đơn

      trọn bộ 100 câu bài tập bị động [có đáp án chi tiết]

      bài tập câu bị động với các thì cơ bản

      1. a woman feeds the lions.

      the lions ________________________

      a. are fed

      b. they were fed by a woman.

      2. a child broke the window.

      the _____________________ window

      a. it was broken

      b. is broken by a child.

      3. someone has made a mistake.

      an error _______________________

      a. it was done

      b. has been done.

      4. everyone is going to love it.

      he _____________________________

      a. will be loved

      b. he was to be loved by all.

      5. cervantes wrote ‘don quixote’.

      ‘don quixote’ _______________________

      a. it was written by cervantes.

      b. It has been written by cervantes.

      6. They are helping my brother.

      my brother ________________

      a. is being helped by them.

      b. is being helped

      7. Pamela will drive the taxi.

      the taxi ____________________

      a. will be driven

      b. it will be hosted by pamela.

      8. I was watering these trees.

      these trees ___________________

      a. they were being watered

      b. they are being watered by me.

      9. I will pay the bill in 2 months.

      the invoice __________________

      a. will pay in 2 months

      b. will be paid in 2 months

      10. hoa is reading comics now.

      comics_________________ now.

      a. is read

      b. is being read

      Đápán

      >> xem them:

      • bài tập thì quá khứ đơn
      • bai tập câu điều kiện
      • bai tập câu tường thuật
      • bài tập câu bị động (passive voice) dạng câu hỏi

        1. Do they teach English here?

        ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        2. Will you invite her to your wedding party?

        ……………………………………………………………………………………

        3. has tom finished work?

        ……………………………………………………………………………………

        4. Did the teacher give some exercises?

        ……………………………………………………………………………………

        5. have you finished your homework?

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        6. How many games has the team played?

        ……………………………………………………………………………………

        7. where do people speak english?

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        8. who will take care of the children for you?

        ……………………………………………………………………………………

        9. How long have they waited for the doctor?

        ……………………………………………………………………………………

        10. What time can the kids turn in their papers?

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        Đang xem: Bệnh cảm tả: Nguyên nhân, triệu chứng, chẩn đoán và điều trị

        11. who lent you this book?

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        12. How many points does the teacher give you?

        ……………………………………………………………………………………

        Đápán:

        1. Is English taught here?

        2. Will they invite her to her wedding party?

        3. has tom finished work?

        4. Were there some exercises given by the teacher?

        5. have you finished your homework?

        6. How many games has the team played?

        7. where do you speak english?

        8. who takes care of the children?

        9. How long has the doctor been waiting?

        10. At what time can the boy’s papers be delivered?

        Đang xem: Bệnh cảm tả: Nguyên nhân, triệu chứng, chẩn đoán và điều trị

        11. who lent you this book?

        12. How many points does the teacher give you?

        bài tập câu bị động có 2 tân ngữ

        1. the waiter brought me this dish.

        ……………………………………………………………………………………

        2. our friends send us these postcards.

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        3. Her grandmother told them this story when they visited her last week.

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        4. Tim ordered this train ticket for her mom.

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        5. you didn’t show me the special cameras.

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        6. showed your ticket to the airline agent.

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        7. lends his friend his new shoes.

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        8. he left his relatives five million pounds.

        ……………………………………………………………………………………

        9. the clerk delivered these boxes to the customer.

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        10. the board awarded the first prize to the reporter.

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        Đáp án:

        1. This dish was brought to me by (the waiter).

        2. These postcards are sent to us by (our friend).

        3. This story was told to them (by her grandmother) when they visited her last week.

        4. This train ticket was ordered for Tim’s mother.

        5. they didn’t show me the special cameras.

        6. her ticket was shown to the airline agent (by her).

        7. His new shoes are loaned to his friends (by him).

        8. five million pounds were left to her relatives (for her).

        9. these boxes were delivered to the customer (by the clerk).

        10. the first prize was awarded to the reporter (by the board).

        bài tập chuyển câu bị động với động từ tường thuật

        1. They told me you were the best architect in this city.

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        2. she reported that the flowers were killed by frost.

        ……………………………………………………………………………………

        3. some people inform me that the director is going on a business trip to england.

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        4. that officer announced that the meeting was delayed until next week.

        ……………………………………………………………………………………

        5. discovered that this cotton was grown in Egypt.

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        6. they promise that the performance will start on time.

        ……………………………………………………………………………………

        7. recommends that we stay in the city center.

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        8. We thought Alice would pass her driving test.

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        9. The manager notifies all the workers that they will have to work harder this month.

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        10. They have convinced me that they will go with me to the stadium.

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        Đáp án:

        1. I was told that you were the architect of this city.

        2. flowers were reported to have died from frost./flowers were reported to have died from frost.

        Tham khảo: Vợ nhặt – Kim Lân

        3. I am informed that the director is going on a business trip to England.

        4. it was announced that the meeting was delayed until next week.

        5. this cotton was found to be grown in egypt.

        6. the performance is promised to start on time.

        7. it is recommended that we stay in the city center.

        8. Alice was thought to pass the driving test.

        9. all workers are notified that they will have to work harder this month.

        10. They have convinced me that they will go with me to the stadium.

        chuyển câu bị động với động từ sai bảo

        1. my uncle painted my room last week.

        ……………………………………………………………………………………

        2. she’ll make me do the dishes tomorrow.

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        3. they ask him to retell the story.

        ……………………………………………………………………………………

        4. John asks her sister to clean her shirt.

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        5. Anne had asked a friend to write the composition for her.

        ……………………………………………………………………………………

        6. Rick will have a barber cut his hair.

        ……………………………………………………………………………………

        7. I’ll ask the seamstress to make a new dress.

        ……………………………………………………………………………………

        8. got a mechanic to fix his car.

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        9. A man took this picture when we were on vacation last summer.

        ……………………………………………………………………………………

        10. the greens had a carpet cleaner clean their carpet.

        ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        Đáp án:

        1. I painted my room last week.

        2. tomorrow he will wash the dishes.

        3. they have the story told again.

        4. john cleans his shirt.

        5. Anne has had her composition typed.

        6. rick will get a haircut.

        7. I’ll make myself a new dress.

        8. repaired his car.

        9. We took this picture when we were on vacation last summer.

        10. the greens carpet was cleaned.

        bài tập câu bị động ôn thi thptqg

        Đápán:

        bai tập câu bị động dạng nâng cao

        1. the boys pointed to the woman with a red hat.

        …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        2. they have provided the poor with food and clothing.

        …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        3. People speak English in almost every corner of the world.

        …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        4. you should not use that machine after 7:30 p.m. m.

        …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        5. after class, they always erase the blackboard.

        …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        6. the company paid me a lot of money to do the job.

        …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        7. the director gave us each two exercise books.

        …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        8. someone will tell you that story.

        …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        9. they have sent enough money to those poor families.

        …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        10. have given women in most countries the right to vote.

        …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

        Đáp án:

        1. the boys pointed to the woman with a red hat.

        2. the poor have been provided with food and clothing.

        3. English is spoken in almost every corner of the world.

        4. that machine should not be used after 7:30 p.m. m.

        5. after class, the blackboard is always erased.

        6. the company paid me a lot of money to do the job.

        7. the director gave each of us two exercise books.

        8. that story will be told.

        9. enough money has been sent to those poor people.

        10. women in most countries have been given the right to vote.

        trên đây những bài tập câu bị động mà elsa speak đã tổng hợp được. bạn hãy luyện thật tập chăm chỉ để chinh phục chủ điểm ngữ pháp này và đạt điểm số cao trong những kỳ thi sắp tớ.

        Tham khảo: Người phụ nữ đẹp nhất là người phụ nữ tự nhiên nhất

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